Terrorism is one of the most serious phenomena of concern to many countries as well as to the international community as a whole at least during last decades. In the meanwhile of its several characteristics, including the element of violence and the nature of perpetrators, to protect the victims of terrorism is a major issue discussed here as a social concern. Thus, the main question is to ask “why protecting victims of terrorism needs to be described as a social concern?” Despite of the international efforts whether at the global level, esp. within the United Nations system, or at the regional one, e.g. within the European system, the present article concludes that this group of victims still face challenges to obtain adequate remedy and redress similar to other groups of victims of crime and abuse of power.